Italics & Underlining
Italics and underlining are like flashers on road signs. They make you take notice. Italics and underlining can be used interchangeably, although usually underlining is used when something is either hand written or typed; if using a computer you can italicize. If you start using italics, don't switch to underlining within the same document.
Italics or underlining are used most often: for titles of longer works: books, magazines, newspapers, films, TV shows, a complete symphony, plays, long poems, albums:
Albert Borgmann's book, Crossing the Postmodern Divide
Italics or underlining are also used for titles of paintings, sculptures, ships, trains, aircraft, and spacecraft:
the TV show Frasier
the film It Happened One Night
the magazine Adirondack Life
the newspaper The Miami Herald
Longfellow's poem Evangeline
the Beatles album Abbey Road
Van Gogh's painting Starry Night
Tip: Shorter works, such a book chapters, articles, sections of newspapers, short stories, poems, songs, and TV episodes are placed in quotation marks.
Neither italics nor quotation marks are used with titles of major religious texts, books of the Bible, or classic legal documents:
Daniel Chester French's sculpture The Spirit of Life
Air Force One
Use italics or underlining when using words from another language:
the Declaration of Independence
Tip: Many foreign words have become absorbed into our language and should not be italized or underlined. When in doubt, consult the dictionary. Also, common Latin abbreviations should not be italicized or underlined:
Use italics or underlining to emphasize, stress, or clarify a word or letter in a sentence or when using a word as a linguistic symbol rather than for its meaning:
It was the first time I felt appreciated by my children.
I asked you to articulate your findings, not create a flow chart.
He claimed his data to be accurate, but accurate is a word he often interprets loosely.
Exercise 5: Italics & Underlining
My daughter's report card showed five B's, two B+'s and one glorious A.